Unit 1 Activity 1 Student Engagement

Note that the assigned book Eight Myths of Student Disengagement emphasizes multiple times that the most common measures of engagement, time-on-task and time-off-task, are limited in their ability to gauge true engagement.


" Some researchers have focused on the behavioral dimension and have equated engagement with on-task behavior (Greenwood, Horton, & Utley 2002). Others argue that engagement needs to include both an emotional and a behavioral dimension (Finn, 1989; Skinner & Belmont, 1993). In a more recent review of the literature, my colleagues and I present a multidimensional view of engagement that includes behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement (Fredricks et al., 2004). We argue that including all three dimensions gives a richer picture of how students think, feel, and act in the classroom."


"Why Engagement Is More Than On-Task Behavior: The reality is that in most classrooms, different configurations of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement occur, and engagement in one dimension does not necessarily translate to others. Having a quiet and orderly classroom is an important goal for many teachers. As a result, many teachers equate compliance and on-task behavior with engagement. However, just because a student participates and follows the rules, it does not necessarily mean he or she is deeply invested in learning."

As you read this book, take note of ways you as an administrator can look beyond the time-on-task metric and delve deeper in student engagement. As you look ahead to your assignments, look for measures that provide a more complete picture of engagement. If you pick an observation tool that utilizes time-on-task, look for ways to broaden it to include other aspects of student engagement.

Review Unit 1 of the teacher Student Engagement class. Note the "Stop and Reflect" questions of Activity 1 and "Text-To-Practice" items in Activity 2. How can these reflections/activities help teachers improve learning in their classrooms? Should we incorporate more of these kinds of